- The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism; the onset of a succession of powerful dynasties and empires for more than three millennia throughout various geographic areas of the Indian subcontinent, including the growth of Muslim dominions during the Medieval period intertwined with Hindu powers; the advent of European traders and privateers, resulting in the establishment of British India; and the subsequent independence movement that led to the Partition of India and the creation of the Republic of India.
Muslim rule started in parts of north India in the 13th century when the Delhi Sultanate was founded in 1206 CE by Central Asian Turks; though earlier Muslim conquests made limited inroads into modern Afghanistan and Pakistan as early as the 8th century.The Delhi Sultanate ruled the major part of northern India in the early 14th century, but declined in the late 14th century. This period also saw the emergence of several powerful Hindu states, notably Vijayanagara, Gajapati, Ahom, as well as Rajput states, such as Mewar. The 15th century saw the advent of Sikhism. The early modern period began in the 16th century, when the Mughals conquered most of the Indian subcontinent. The Mughals suffered a gradual decline in the early 18th century, which provided opportunities for the Marathas, Sikhs and Mysoreans to exercise control over large areas of the Indian subcontinent.
The most significant event between the 7th and 11th century was the Tripartite struggle centred on Kannauj that lasted for more than two centuries between the Pala Empire, Rashtrakuta Empire, and Gurjara-Pratihara Empire. Southern India saw the rise of multiple imperial powers from the middle of the fifth century, most notable being the Chalukya, Chola, Pallava, Chera, Pandyan, and Western Chalukya Empires. The Chola dynasty conquered southern India and successfully invaded parts of Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Maldivesand Bengal in the 11th century. The early medieval period Indian mathematics influenced the development of mathematics and astronomy in the Arab world and the Hindu numerals were introduced.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism; the onset of a succession of powerful dynasties and empires for more than three millennia throughout various geographic areas of the Indian subcontinent, including the growth of Muslim dominions during the Medieval period intertwined with Hindu powers; the advent of European traders and privateers, resulting in the establishment of British India; and the subsequent independence movement that led to the Partition of India and the creation of the Republic of India.
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Bajrang Punia claims gold at Tbilisi Grand Prix, Deepak wins bronze:
i. Bajrang Punia defeated Iranian wrestler Mehran Nasiri in the finals and won gold medal in the 65kg category.
ii. Bajrang Punia recorded a 9-3 win over Mehran Nasiri. Bajrang Punia will represent India in the 65kg after Wrestling Federation of India exempted him from trials.
iii. In the 86kg category, Deepak Punia won a bronze medal with 5-3 win over Osman Gosen of Turkey.
iv. India’s Sushil Kumar faced his first defeat in over 4 years and moved out of 74kg category.
About Wrestling Federation of India (WFI):
♦ President – Brijbhushan Sharan Singh
♦ Location – New Delhi
On July 6, 2018, The Haryana Health Department announced the launch of an intensive diarrhoea control campaign from July 15 to 30.
i.The decision was taken at a steering committee meeting of different state departments under the chairmanship of Principal Secretary, Health Department, Raja Sekhar Vundru.
Dignitaries present in the meeting:
Managing Director, National Health Mission, Haryana, Amneet P Kumar, Director of General Health Services, Dr Satish Agarwal, and several other senior officers of various departments.
i. Under this scheme, ORS and zinc packets would be distributed to about 26.5 lakh children below five years of age across the state.
ii. High risk areas such as construction sites, slums and far flung areas are the focus areas.
iii. A special inspection and monitoring plan would be framed for the campaign’s success.
iv. Officers of Panchayati Raj institutions, Women and Child Development and Education and Public Health Engineering are involved in the campaign.
♦ Chief Minister: Manohar Lal Khattar.
♦ Governor: Kaptan Singh Solanki.
♦ National Parks: Kalesar National Park, Sultanpur National Park.
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Dr. Tapan Kumar Chand, CMD, NALCO, called upon industry leaders, policy makers and stakeholders in the Aluminium value chain to scale up production of the ‘wonder metal’ to meet the rising demand as consumption of Aluminium is poised to reach 10 million tons in the next decade.
Addressing the 22nd International Conference on Non-Ferrous Minerals and Metals 2018 at Ranchi, Dr. Tapan Kumar Chand, CMD, NALCO, said, ‘’We need to start thinking ahead and take steps to protect the interests of the Aluminium sector. The consumption of Aluminium will reach 10 million tons in the next 10 years. The country needs to scale up production of Aluminium to meet the demand.’’
Dr. Chand received Knowledge Excellence Award from Secretary, Mines, Govt. of India for Outstanding Contribution in Aluminium Knowledge domain.
The Conference was inaugurated by Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Shri Anil Gopishankar Mukim and was attended by an impressive gathering of industry leaders and policy makers, including from major Non Ferrous producers like NALCO, Aditya Birla, Vedanta and HCL. Shri Anil Gopishankar Mukim spoke about the proactive role of Government in making minerals available to producers & easing auction of mining blocks.
Dr. Chand also cautioned, ‘’Unless we are prepared to scale our production to reach the rising demand, our country will have to import about 50 % of the requirement, which will drain our economy through rising import bills.’’ Dr. Chand also focused on the role of non-ferrous metals in economy and briefed the gathering about the future prospect of Aluminium in India. He appealed to the Government to explore more mineable reserves of bauxite as the current rate is barely 17% of the deposit. A special NALCO booklet on Sustainable Mining titled ‘Mine with Mind’ was released at the International Conference at Ranchi, which was organized by Corporate Monitor.
The Ministry of Statistics &Programme Implementation (MoSPI) is organising a two-day International Round Table Conference at New Delhi during 9-10th July, 2018. The objective of the Round Table Conference is to identify innovative ideas for improving the statistical system in India, taking cue from the best practices followed in advanced countries like Canada, UK and Australia. Such a Conference is being organized in India for the first time.
The Conference will be inaugurated by Shri D.V. Sadananda Gowda, Hon’ble Union Minister of Statistics & Programme Implementation in the presence of Shri Vijay Goel, Hon’ble Minister of State and Shri K.V. Eapen, Secretary, Statistics & Programme Implementation. The event will be participated by Shri Anil Arora, Chief Statistician, Statistics Canada, Shri Jonathan Palmer, former Deputy Statistician, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Shri Junaid Ahmad, World Bank Country Director for India, statistical experts and senior officers in the Government. Shri John Pullinger, Chief Statistician of United Kingdom will participate in the conference through video conferencing.
The eminent experts of Indian Economy, Dr Bibek Debroy, Chairperson of Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council and Member NITI Aayog, Dr. R.B. Barman, Chairperson, National Statistical Commission, Dr. Pronab Sen, former Chairperson, National Statistical Commission, and Prof. T.C.A. Anant, former Chief Statistician of India would also enrich the event by taking part in this Round Table Conference.
In the Conference, the experts from National and International agencies would deliberate on key statistical issues, such as data governance structure and capabilities, organizational issues, managing data systems in a federal structure and resource mobilization for ensuring quality statistical products to be produced. The conference is expected to suggest measures paving way for initiating the reform process in the Indian Statistical System.